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Your first stop for research: a guide to resources for Psychology

Referencing style guide

APA Referencing Handbook

The School of Psychology and The School of Sport and Exercise Science 
use the APA referencing style.

Helpful tips are available on the APA website

The APA website provides a useful beginner's tutorial to APA style which shows
how to cite references in text and provides selected reference examples:



Referencing and Plagiarism



Why should I reference?

Referencing is important in academic writing and an essential part of any of your assignments. It:

  • allows you to acknowledge your sources,
  • gives academic credibility to your work,
  • demonstrates your knowledge of a subject area,
  • prevents accusations of plagiarism.

What is plagiarism?

Check out the Plagiarism tutorial.


What should I reference?

You should always reference a source when:

  • using a direct quote
  • summarising a theory
  • discussing someone else's opinion
  • using case studies
  • quoting statistics or visual data
  • but not when stating your own opinion, observation or experience.

If you are unsure use this flowchart to check whether you need to reference (click on the image to enlarge).

 Should I cite?


Ref Works

RefWorks is referencing software which allows you to:

  • store references
  • organise references
  • generate citations
  • generate reference lists
  • share references

It's available to all staff and students, click here to log in.

To access RefWorks on your mobile device go to

To find out more about RefWorks view the comprehensive online help or contact your Academic Subject Librarian.

Do I still need to proofread when using RefWorks?

Yes! While RefWorks should generally handle the formatting for you, there are still opportunities for error. You are still responsible for your final product, and you will want to proofread for spelling, capitalization, and general formatting. Make sure that the data that has been stored in RefWorks is correct as it can only reflect what has been exported into it. If you find problems, you can either fix them in the citation in your RefWorks database and regenerate your paper, or just make the changes in your final Word document before printing it.