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Libraries and Learning Skills

Economics library guide

Harvard Referencing Guide

The Business School uses the Harvard referencing style. The Library Referencing Handbook: Harvard provides examples of different information sources: how to cite them within your text and how to include them in your reference list.

Referencing Handbook


Image of Harvard referencing guide 2nd edition

Referencing and Plagiarism

the word Reference circled in red


Why should I reference?

Referencing is important in academic writing and an essential part of any of your assignments. It:

  • allows you to acknowledge your sources,
  • gives academic credibility to your work,
  • demonstrates your knowledge of a subject area,
  • prevents accusations of plagiarism.

What is plagiarism?

Definition of plagiarism: the wrongful publication as one's own, of the ideas, or the expression of the ideas of another.


What should I reference?

You should always reference a source when:

  • using a direct quote
  • summarising a theory
  • discussing someone else's opinion
  • using case studies
  • quoting statistics or visual data
  • but not when stating your own opinion, observation or experience.

If you are unsure use this flowchart to check whether you need to reference (click on the image to enlarge).

 The flowchart of 'Should I cite?'