The word 'zine' comes from the word 'fanzine' so emerged originally from the 1930s as fans of science fiction produced these 'fanzines'. These non traditional publications are self-published (written/edited, illustrated, copied, assembled, and distributed); they are motivated by desire for communication or self-expression (not profit, fame, or a grade). They generally have their roots in social and political activism e.g punk, LGBTQ+ etc and are usually a small publication which tend to be produced from materials to hand by individuals, photocopied and distributed cheaply. Zines have a small distribution (5-3000 copies) and are underground or alternative in content or flavour; they are free of paid advertising. They are a popular medium in the art and design world but they are also produced for all sorts of reasons - music zines, travel zines, literary zines. The modern zine bears little resemblance to it's cousin 'fanzine'.
Why are they important?
It might be more difficult to reference a zine as not all zines have all the details on the zine itself. It may be worth searching online for more information about the zine publication. If the zine is catalogued in the Library, you may also find more information on the Library catalogue record. When citing zines, always respect the privacy of the author. Only use their name if it is on the zine itself. They may also use a pseudonym which you can use in your reference.
Example of a zine with an author, date, and place of creation:
Berggren, H. (2022). Birdface [zine]. Glasgow, UK.
Example of zine without an author:
Afterlife [zine] (2018). Boston, MA.
Example of zine without author, date or place of creation:
I don't like it when you speak like that [zine].