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Referencing and plagiarism


The IEEE style (created and specified by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) is a referencing style commonly used in electronic and electrical engineering, computer science and other technical disciplines. It is used by the School of Engineering at Lincoln.

The IEEE style is a numeric system consisting of :

  1. A source is acknowledged within the body of the text with a citation number in square brackets [ ]
  2. Full details of the source are then listed in the reference list at the end of the document.

The IEEE Referencing Handbook is designed to help you understand how to cite and reference sources of information appropriately using the University of Lincoln IEEE system of referencing. Referencing is an academic convention which enables your readers to distinguish between your work and the work of others. A referencing style is important because it enforces consistency and allows your reader to trace and locate any sources used.

This handbook provides guidance and examples on how to reference the different types of information that you may need to cite and reference within your academic work, although it is impossible to include every type of information source. If the information source you would like to reference is not listed, you should use the reference format of a source that is similar. 

If you have any questions about IEEE referencing, please contact Elizabeth Montgomerie, Academic Subject Librarian.