Skip to Main Content
The Library

APA 6th Edition - University of Lincoln

Referencing system for Psychology

Journal article with one author

In-text citation (Paraphrase with the author(s) in the sentence)

Middleton (2011) suggests that….


In-text citation (Quotation)

(Middleton, 2011, p. 248)


Reference List

Middleton, J. (2011). The test of time: Neuropsychological approaches to children:

       Towards a developmental neuropsychology. Clinical Child

       Psychology and Psychiatry, 16(2), 247-51. https://doi:10.1177/1359104511404364



Author Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(Issue),

       page numbers (without page abbreviations). https://doi: xx.xxxxxxxxxx

       OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available]



Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.

Can't see the DOI for the article you have found?

1. If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a Google search (using the journal title) to obtain the URL for the journal's home page.  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article.

2. If you viewed a journal article in its print format, check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

 For more information on DOIs and sample pictures indicating where to locate a DOI on a source: