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APA 6th Edition - University of Lincoln

Referencing system for Psychology

Figures

Figure from a Book

   

Caption under Figure
Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from Book Title (page number), by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright [Year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission

Example

 

Caption under Figure

Figure 1. Short-term memory test involving pictures. Reprinted from Short-term Memory Loss (p. 73), by K. M. Pike, 2008, New York, NY: Mackerlin Press. Copyright  2008 by the Association for Memory Research. Reprinted with permission.

  

 
Figure from a journal article
 

Caption under Figure
Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from “Title of Article,” by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Journal Title, Volume(issue), page number. Copyright [Year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.

 
 
Example
 

Figure 1. Schematic drawings of a bird's eye view of the table (a) and the test phase of the choice task (b). Numbers represent the dimensions in centimeters. Adapted from "Visual Experience Enhances Infants' Use of Task-Relevant Information in an Action Task," by S.-h. Wang and L. Kohne, 2007, Developmental Psychology, 43, p. 1515. Copyright 2003 by the American Psychological Association. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission

 

Figure from a Website

 

Caption under Figure
Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from Title of Website, by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Retrieved from URL. Copyright [year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.

    
Example
 

Caption under Figure

Figure 1. An example of the cobra yoga position. Reprinted from List of Yoga Postures, In Wikipedia, n.d., Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_yoga_postures. Copyright 2007 by Joseph Renger. Reprinted with permission.
 

About citing sources

For each type of source that you might copy or adapt a figure from (i.e. a book, journal article, or website), both a general form and an example will be provided.

Information on citing and several of the examples in this guide were drawn from the APA Manual (6th ed.).

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

Tables, figures or images included only in an appendix are cited within the appendix (p. 39), and not usually included in the References list.

Tips

Number figures consecutively throughout your paper.

Double-space the caption that appears under a figure.

When you use a figure in your paper that has been adapted or copied directly from another source, you need to reference the original source.  This reference appears as a caption underneath the figure that you copied or adapted for your paper.

Any image that is reproduced from another source also needs to come with copyright permission; it is not enough just to cite the source.