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Libraries and Learning Skills

APA 6th Edition - University of Lincoln

Referencing system for Psychology

Interview, personal communications

In-text citation

(C. Byers, personal communication, February 7, 2014).

Reference list
Not included.


Telephone calls, emails, personal interviews

As above

Citing interviews, personal communications

Do not include personal communication in your reference list as this type of information is not considered ‘recoverable’. Instead, in brackets, cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication", and the date of the communication in the main body of the text.