There are two components to APA referencing: citing within the text of your paper, and the reference list at the end.
Other disciplines use a Bibliography to list work that is not cited in the paper. In APA a Bibliography is not used at all. The reference list is used and only includes sources that are actually mentioned in the paper.
Plagiarism is the use of another author’s ideas and words, either intentionally or unintentionally, without acknowledging the source of the information. It is an academic offence and will be treated seriously by the University (see University General Regulations).
Avoid plagiarism by referencing correctly.
Turnitin is software that detects plagiarism and can be used by your tutor to ensure academic integrity. See details on Blackboard for more details.
Note: Secondary quotes should be used very rarely.
If a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is listed on either a print or an electronic source it must be included in the reference. (The School of Sport and Exercise do NOT require a DOI with the journal article references).
Alexis Lamb (firstname.lastname@example.org) and
(Academic Subject Librarian for Psychology and Sport)
Subject guides available at:
Tracey Newby (email@example.com)
(Academic Subject Librarian for Education)
Subject guide available at: