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APA 7th Edition - University of Lincoln

Figures and Tables (created yourself)

For your assignments you may include tables and figures within the body of the text. Occasionally, you may be asked to include them as separate appendices as you would if you were submitting a paper to an academic journal for publishing.

Check with your tutor for the precise requirements for each piece of work.  

Figures:

Figures are visual images to support ideas in a paper (drawings, graphs, photographs and maps). They appear as numbered figures in the assignment (Figure 1, Figure 2…etc). 

Format for figures:

  • Figures must be clear scaled to fit appropriately on the page
  • Above the figure, type the word Figure (bold) on the left - e.g. Figure 1 Number figures in the order in which they are mentioned in your paper.
  • The figure title appears one double-spaced line below the figure number. Give each figure a brief but descriptive title. Italicise the figure title and use title case capitalisation (capitalise all major words but not those such as the, in, of, and, etc.).
  • The font should be a sans-serif font such as Helvetica and not less than 8 points and not more than 14 points.
  • A figure legend, or key, if used, should be positioned within the borders of the figure and explains any symbols used in the figure image.
  • Only include figure notes if needed to describe contents of the figure that cannot be understood from the figure title, image, and/or legend alone. Figure notes are placed beneath the figure.
  • See the APA website for more information on formatting figures including examples of figures: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/figures

Tables:

Tables include technical data in easily interpreted and comparable forms.           

Format for tables:

  • The table number comes above the table title and body in bold font - e.g. Table 1. Number tables in the order in which they are mentioned in your paper.
  • The table title appears one double-spaced line below the table number. Provide each table a brief but descriptive title. Italicise the table title and use title case capitalisation (capitalise each major word but not words such as the, in, of, and, etc.).
  • Only include figure notes if needed to describe contents of the figure that cannot be understood from the table title or body alone. Table notes are placed beneath the table.
  • See the APA website for more information on formatting tables including examples: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/tables

 

Re using figures/ tables/ images

Re using Figures/ tables or images

For non-commercial, educational purposes you can use re use figures or images (this falls within the fair dealing aspect of copyright for educational purposes).

There needs to be a copyright attribution (instead of an in-text citation) and a reference list entry.

 

Layout of a figure or image

Above the figure/ image in bold type Figure 1 or 2 etc and then add the descriptive title of the figure in italics - follow the instructions above

The copyright attribution comes beneath the figure  and would be in the following format as an example:

Note. From "Welcome to College? Developing a Richer Understanding of the Transition Process for Adult First Year Students Using Reflective Written Journals," by A. Risquez, S. Moore, & M. Morley, 2007, Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 9(2), p. 3  (https://doi.org/10.2190/cs.9.2.d). Copyright 2007 by SAGE Publications.

 

See the APA's samples figures for more examples at: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/sample-figures (the Sample line graph example shows you how to write the copyright attribution for a figure you have used from an article).

 

Create a reference in your reference list.

 

This guidance from Coventry University is very useful but doesn't include the copyright attribution which is required for re used figures and images:  https://libguides.coventry.ac.uk/apa/images