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APA 7th Edition - University of Lincoln

APA website guidance on film and TV referencing

See also the guidance on the APA's Style website on TV and film references at:
https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/film-television-references

Film

Notes 

The director should be credited as the author of the film. 

It is not necessary to specify how you watched a film – e.g. in the cinema, DVD, or streaming. 


Parenthetical citation
 

(Van Sant, 1997)  

Narrative citation

Van Sant (1997)

 

Reference List  

Van Sant, G. (Director). (1997). Good Will Hunting [Film]. Miramax.  

 

Format 

Director Surname, Initial(s). (Director). (Year). Title of film [Film]. Production company. 

Television: single programme

Parenthetical citation 

 (Fry & Gale, 2018) 

Narrative citation

Fry and Gale (2018)

 

 Reference list  

Fry, H. (Writer), & Gale, C. (Director). (2018, August, 28). The joy of winning [TV programme]. Wingspan Productions. 

 

1. Writer’s surname and initial(s) with a full stop after each initial, followed by Writer in round brackets, comma 

2. Ampersand then Director(s)’ surname and initial(s), with a full stop after each initial, followed by Director in round brackets and a full stop 

3. Broadcast date in year, month, day format in round brackets followed by a full stop  

4. Programme title in italics 

5. TV programme in square brackets followed by a full stop  

6. Production company followed by a full stop  

Television: single episode of a television series

Parenthetical citation  

(Egan & Alexander, 2006)  

Narrative citation

Egan and Alexander (2006)

 

Reference list  

Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2006, January 10). Failure to communicate (Series 2, Episode 10) [TV series episode].

       In D. Shore (Executive producer), House. Heel & Toe Films. 


Format: 

Writer Surname, Initial(s). (Writer), & Director’s surname, Initial(s). (Director). (Year, month date of first broadcast). Title of

       episode (Series and Episode numbers) [TV series episode]. In Executive Producer’s Initial(s). Surname (Executive Producer),

       TV series title. Production Company.  

Radio programme

See also the guidance on the APA's Style website at:
https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/radio-broadcast-references
 

Parenthetical citation  

(Hall, 2014)

Narrative citation

Hall (2014) 

 

Reference list  

Hall, A. (Producer). (2014, May 1). Sane in insane places [Radio broadcast]. BBC Radio 4.  


Format: 

Producer Surname, Initial(s). (Producer). (Year, Month, Day of broadcast). Title of broadcast [Radio broadcast]. Broadcast channel. 

Audiovisual transcript (e.g. speech, TV programme, radio broadcast, etc)

Notes

Put the name of the speaker/host as the author. Describe the type of transcript in square brackets, e.g. [Speech transcript]. Provide the site name in the source element of the reference.

See also the guidance on the APA's Style website at:
https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/transcript-audiovisual-work-references

 

Parenthetical citation

(Gauke, 2018)

Narrative citation

Gauke (2018)

 

Reference list

Gauke, D. (2018). Prison reform speech [Speech transcript]. GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/prisons-reform-

     speech

 

Format

Speaker Surname. Initial(s). (Year). Title of speech [Speech transcript]. Site name. URL