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APA 7th Edition - University of Lincoln

Notes

Include up to the first 20 words of a social media post.

Do not correct the spelling and capitalisation of a social media reference (even if this is non-standard)

Keep hashtags and links and where possible replicate emoji's, if not describe the emoji's name in square brackets.

See also the guidance on the APA's Style website for referencing social media: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples

Facebook

Facebook post

Notes 

This format can be used for posts to other social media services including Tumblr, LinkedIn, etc. 

See also the guidance on the APA Style website at:
https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/facebook-references#1

Parenthetical citation 

 (British Psychological Society, 2020)  

Narrative citation

British Psychological Society (2020)

Reference list  

British Psychological Society. (2020, June 22). Why do we turn a blind eye to the world’s most urgent problems? Join Paul Slovic

       an expert on the [Video]. Facebook. https://lncn.ac/q94 

Format:  

Author Surname, Initial(s). OR Name of Group. (Year, Month Day). Title [Description of audiovisuals]. Site name. URL 

 

Facebook page

Notes

Use (n.d.) no date for a Facebook page but be sure to include the retrieval date as a Facebook page's content is expected to change frequently. 

See also the guidance on the APA Style website at:
https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/facebook-references#2

Parenthetical citation 

(Sport England, n.d.) 

Narrative citation

Sport England (n.d.)

Reference list 

Sport England. (n.d.). Home [Facebook page]. Facebook. Retrieved July 29, 2020, from https://www.facebook.com/sportengland/ 

Format:  

Author Surname, Initial(s). OR Name of Group. (n.d.). Page Title [Facebook page]. Site name. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from

       URL 

Instagram photo or video

Notes

See also the guidance on the APA Style website at:
https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/instagram-references

Parenthetical citation 

 (University of Lincoln Library, 2019)  

Narrative citation

University of Lincoln Library (2019)

Reference list  

University of Lincoln Library [@uollibrary]. (2019, September 25). A short video created by the team at @UoLStudentLife

       highlighting how and when to use our new Short Story Kiosk [Video]. Instagram. 

       https://www.instagram.com/p/B21ZYVthbCS/ 

Format:  

Author Surname, Initial(s) [@username]. OR Name of Group [@username]. (Year, Month Day). Title (content of the post up to the

       first 20 words [photo or Video]. Site name. URL  

Twitter/Tweet

Notes 

If the tweet includes images, videos, thumbnail links to outside sources, links to other tweets, or a poll, indicate that in square brackets. Replicate emojis if possible. 

See also the guidance on the APA's Style website at: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/twitter-references

Parenthetical citation

(APA Style, 2020)

Narrative citation 

APA Style (2020) 

Reference list:

APA Style [@APA_Style]. (2020, July 19).  Are you wondering what’s new in #7thEdition #APAStyle? How is it different from sixth

       edition? We have free handouts, a [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/APA_Style/status/1284867653291724805     

Format:  

Author Surname, Initial(s) [@username]. OR Name of Group [@username]. (Year, Month Date). Title (content of the tweet up to

       the first 20 words) [Tweet]. Site name. URL  

Online forum post (Blog)

Notes

See also the guidance on the APA's Style website at: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/blog-post-references

Parenthetical citation  

(Pye & Johnson, 2020) 

Narrative citation

Pye and Johnson (2020)

 Reference list 

Pye, O., & Johnson, S. (2020, July 21). A day in the life of two Year 6 teachers – in school and at home [Online forum post]. Gov.UK

      Blog Teaching. https://teaching.blog.gov.uk/2020/07/21/a-day-in-the-life-of-two-year-6-teachers-in-school-and-at-home/ 

Format: 

Author Surname, Initial(s). OR Name of group. (Year, Month Date). Title of post [Online forum post].Title of blog. URL 

Podcast

Notes 

List the host of the podcast as the author. Alternatively, provide the executive producers if known. Include their role in brackets.  

Specify the type of podcast (audio or video) in square brackets. 

If the URL of the podcast is unknown – e.g. if accessing via an app – leave this part of the reference out. 

See also the guidance on the APA's Style website at:
https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/podcast-references

Parenthetical citation  

(Hammond, 2010-present)  

Narrative citation

Hammond (2010-present)

Reference list  

Hammond, C. (Host). (2010-present). All in the mind [Audio podcast]. BBC. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006qxx9 

Format:  

Surname of host, Initial(s). (Host). (Year range of podcasts). Title [Audio podcast] or [Video podcast]. Production company. URL 

 

Podcast episode

Parenthetical citation 

(Crouch, 2020)

Narrative citation

Crouch (2020)

Reference list 

Crouch, P. (Host). (2020, March 4). That headers episode [Audio podcast episode]. In That Peter Crouch Podcast. BBC.   

        https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p085krz7 

Format: 

Surname of host, Initial(s). (Host). (Year, Month Day of broadcast). Episode title [Audio podcast episode]. In Title of podcast.

       Production company. URL 

YouTube or other streaming video

Notes 

The person or group who uploaded the video is credited as the author, even if they did not create the work.  

See also the guidance on the APA's Style website at:
https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/youtube-references

Parenthetical citation

(BBC Earth, 2016)

Narrative citation 

BBC Earth (2016) 

Reference list 

BBC Earth. (2016, January 8). Why do cats meow? [Video]. YouTube.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qeUM1WDoOGY  

Format: 

Author surname, Initial(s). OR Group author. (Year, Month Date). Title of video [Video]. Site name. URL