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APA 7th Edition - University of Lincoln



The reference list entry for a whole e-book should include the same elements as a print book: author/date/title [subtitle] and publisher. You don’t need to include the format, platform or device (e.g. Kindle). 

Include a DOI if there is one. Do not include a URL or database information for works from academic research databases.
Include a URL for ebooks from other websites if there is no DOI.


Ebook from a university database 

Parenthetical citation  

(Nicholson, 2019) 

Narrative citation

Nicholson (2019)

Reference List  

Nicholson, R. (2019). Ladies and lords: a history of women's cricket in Britain. Peter Lang. 


  1. Author(s)’ surname, comma, followed by their initials with a full stop after each initial (and a comma if more than one author)

  1. Year of publication in round brackets followed by a full stop 

  1.  Title (and subtitle if applicable) of book in italics, followed by a full stop 

  1. Publisher 

  2. DOI (if there is one)


Ebook with a nondatabase URL (i.e. freely available online)

Parenthetical citation

(Grolemund & Wickham, 2017)

Narrative citation 

Grolemund and Wickham (2017) 

Reference List 

Grolemund, H., & Wickham, H. (2017). R for data science. O’Reily. 


Author Surname, Initial(s)., & Author surname, Initial(s). (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher. URL