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APA 7th Edition - University of Lincoln

Diagnostic manual

Notes 

It is common, but not required, to identify the title (and edition) of a diagnostic manual in the text.

You can abbreviate group authors and manual titles in the text but not in the reference list. 

See also the guidance on the APA Style website on citing diagnostic manuals: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/diagnostic-manual-references

 

Parenthetical citation (with abbreviation included) 

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) 

International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (11th ed.; ICD-11; World Health Organization, 2019) 

 

Narrative citation (with abbreviation included) 

American Psychiatric Association’s (2013) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) 

World Health Organization’s (2019) International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (11th ed.; ICD-11) 

 

Subsequent parenthetical citations 

(American Psychiatric Association, 2013) 

 

Subsequent narrative citations 

World Health Organization (2019) 

 

Reference list 

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

       
https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596 

World Health Organization. (2019). International statistical classification of diseases and related health

       problems 
(11th ed.). https://icd.who.int/ 

 

Format:

Corporate author. (Date). Title (ed.). DOI or URL